Aputure’s Amaran AL-M9 vs. Sunway Foto’s FL-96

Aputure’s Amaran AL-M9 and Sunway Foto’s FL-96 are very small and handy LED light sources. The Amaran AL-M9 has been relegated to a second place in Aputure’s catalogue by the Amaran AL-MX, but I haven’t bought this newer and three times as expensive version. Both light sources compared here are roughly within the same price range.

Continue reading Aputure’s Amaran AL-M9 vs. Sunway Foto’s FL-96

High dynamic range

High dynamic range (HDR) is used to refer to photographs which have captured a broader range of luminosity values than what is usual. In most contexts it implies a higher dynamic range than a digital camera sensor can detect between saturation and its noise floor. How can this be achieved? By combining several images so that different parts of the scene come for images taken with different exposure settings. In other words exposure bracketing followed by digital processing to merge the images. If you do not know what is the meaning of bracketing in photography please first read my earlier post on the subject. Continue reading High dynamic range

PWM-dimming of RGB LEDs


Here I have tested a single individual lamp, of a single brand and type. From the ubiquity of identical or very similar lamps sold under different brand names by numerous sellers in eBay and Aliexpress, this seems to be a “typical” or popular type. The intention is for it to serve as an example of one specific technology for adjustment of the light output of LED lamps. This is not a comparative review. Continue reading PWM-dimming of RGB LEDs

Dimming of LEDs

If you are interested in photography, and take photographs under illumination from LEDs, you need to be aware of how the dimming of LED lamps works. LEDs are becoming very popular, and dimmers are quite frequently used to adjust the light level. This applies to households, offices, commercial spaces, and the now ubiquitous special LED lamps sold for studio and on location video and photography. Continue reading Dimming of LEDs

AC line frequency and shutter speed

The light output of many types of lamps varies at twice the frequency of mains AC line frequency. Alternating power follows a sinusoidal shape, alternating between positive and negative half cycles. This causes the doubling of the frequency, for each half cycle in the power supply there is pulse in the light output. Continue reading AC line frequency and shutter speed